Source: Official Guide for the GMAT 13th Ed. Sentence Correction; #126 Official Guide for the GMAT 2015 14th Ed. Sentence Correction; #126

3

The use of lie detectors is based

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that,in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

3 Explanations

1

Adam

Hi Edwin,

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

The use of the phrase "in turn" tells us that the "that" must be referring to "emotional reactions" and not "lying." For example:

Charles told Stephen that "....." , who in turn told James that ".....".

Here "who" must refer to "Stephen" and not "Charles."

Nov 9, 2015 • Comment

1

Gravatar Jonathan , Magoosh Tutor

First note that the 2nd "that" refers to emotional reactions. The reactions create physiological responses.

"....lying produces emotional reactions [in an individual] that,in turn, create unconscious physiological responses."

[in an individual] also refers to reactions. I hope that helps.

Also note that "that" is relative pronoun here. It doesn't have an "antecedent."

"Look at the bird! That is huge!"

Jun 10, 2015 • Comment

Edwin Lian

Hey, I was wondering if the "that" could take the participle "Lying"

Oct 17, 2015 • Reply

1

Gravatar Mike McGarry, Magoosh Tutor

May 25, 2013 • Comment

Sravya Avasarala

Wouldn't that take individual as an antecedent?

May 18, 2015 • Reply

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Section 9.6 Sentence Correction

Section 9.6 Sentence Correction

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