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Source: Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016 Sentence Correction; #44


According to some analysts, the gains in

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a "soft landing," followed by a gradual increase in business activity.

1 Explanation


Gravatar Mike McGarry, Magoosh Tutor

Aug 18, 2015 • Comment

Hanxiong Jiang

can you explain that the past perfect tense 'had feared' in option A?

Dec 9, 2016 • Reply

Cydney Seigerman, Magoosh Tutor

Hi Hanxiong Jiang,

Happy to help :) The past perfect is used to describe something that is over and finished by the time another past even happens. In this sentence, the completed action is people fearing a possible recession: people feared the possible recession earlier in the year. As fear subsided, gains in the stock were observed. These gains mark another event in the past that occurred after the fear subsided and confidence that the recession would be avoided grew.

I hope this helps :)

Dec 9, 2016 • Reply

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Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

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Section 9.6 Sentence Correction

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